Refactor the patient for testability
part 3 of 4 learning hours on this theme.
- define a ‘seam’
- explain why we want to refactor to function pointers
- use refactoring to change the way a test inserts a stub
- analyse when to use link-time substitution and when a #define or function pointer is a better choice
- 5 min connect: How to substitute behaviours in C
- 10 min concept: Using function pointers to insert stubs
- 35 min concrete: Refactor to function pointers
- 5 min conclusions: confidence in these tests?
In C, which of these allow you to substitute a different behaviour at:
- 🐝 runtime
- 🐙 compile time
- 🍄 link time
☕ does not allow you to substitute behaviour
- Function pointer
There are four symbols and four proposals. Pair them up.
Using function pointers to insert a stub
In the exercise repo Grep with Marketing there is a branch ‘with_coverage’. The patient is in the surgery and fully covered with unit tests. We are ready to refactor it for testability. Explain that we need better seams so we can introduce stubs without using link-time substitution.
Refactor to function pointers
There are three stubs - it might be best to demo the first one. Introduce function pointers for each stub. This will also mean changes in the production code.
Go through the code listing for your final code. Write a comment // SEAM on any line of code you think is a seam. If you’re not finished with the refactoring, note there is a branch ‘with_abstractions’ which you can examine and annotate with SEAM comments.
Compare your answers with someone else and discuss any differences. Explain to the other person how you’d define a Seam.